Earlier situation of online censorship and monitoring

Earlier situation of online censorship and monitoring


Resident Lab research receive evidence of a FinFisher server operating in Malaysia, and soon after found proof of Finfisher pc software embedded in an election relating data. The Malaysian authorities neither confirmed nor denied using Finfisher.

Hacking Team Surveillance Software

Leaked Hacking teams emails in 2015 revealed that at the least three government companies, such as the Prime Ministera€™s department, ordered Hacking Teama€™s Remote Control System (RCS): spyware designed to evade encoding also mylol reviews to remotely collect ideas from a targeta€™s pc. The exact same emails, but also disclosed your procuring firms appeared to lack the technical capacity to utilize the applications.

Profound package examination (DPI) to timeout HTTP desires

Ahead of the 2013 basic elections, consumers comprise stating that some Youtube video clips with politically painful and sensitive content were not viewable. Sinar job also researchers by themselves found that unencrypted HTTP desires on two ISPs (Maxis and TMNet) that paired some Address strings were timing completely. Several other URLs with political articles had been in addition found to be afflicted with an identical block by run a test that could separate the HTTP headers into modest packages. Since it was only affecting two ISPs so there doesn’t seem to be any specific routine into urls are blocked, it was not conclusive that this is approved by any authorities agency.

This same way of censorship is continued on sixteenth March 2016, when customers in Malaysia reported that a BBC article addressing an uncomfortable meme of a price from then Prime Minister Najib Razak was obstructed. The Malaysian Communications and media payment (MCMC) nonetheless rejected any authorities contribution.

Information shops blocked

Use of the Sarawak Report internet site has-been obstructed because of the Malaysian Communications And Multimedia percentage (MCMC) since July 2015 from the reasons which may weaken the stability of the nation, as launched on MCMCa€™s specialized Twitter webpage. This signifies initial formal verification of stopping of political websites in Malaysia.

The Malaysian national possess clogged no less than ten sites, such as on-line reports portals (Sarawak Report, Malaysia Chronicle, The Malaysian Insider, Asia Sentinel, moderate) and personal sites, for stating in regards to the scandal nearby Malaysian Prime Minister Najib tun Razak over their strange personal transactions with RM2.6 massive amounts.

The suspension in the posting permit of advantage Weekly and side economic weekly for three several months on the reports on 1MDB additionally the arrests of Lionel Morais, Amin Iskandar, Zulkifli Sulong, Ho Kay Tat and Jahabar Sadiq happened to be blatant discipline and harassment of the media and journalists from the Malaysian authorities.

Last year, Malaysiakinia€™s office ended up being raided throughout the report that a deputy community prosecutor ended up being transferred out from the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) unique functions unit. For a passing fancy day, the Royal Malaysian Police, along with the Malaysian telecommunications and Multimedia payment (MCMC), additionally went to The celebrity headquarters over the same document.

Stopping of internet sites providing Bersih 4

Official announcements of blocked internet sites by MCMC

Over the past 12 months, the Malaysian marketing and sales communications and media percentage (MCMC) has actually officially announced the blocking of various sites. Included in these are web sites mixed up in propagation from the Islamic condition (are) ideology for the Malay language, more than 1,000 pornography internet sites, and numerous online gambling web sites.

Examining net censorship in Malaysia

The start Observatory of community Interference (OONI), in venture with Sinar job, done a study of internet censorship in Malaysia. The goal of this research were to read whether and also to what extent censorship events occurred in Malaysia while in the testing duration (between Sep to November 2016).

The sections below data the strategy and key findings of the research.


The methodology of this study, so as to determine potential websites censorship events in Malaysia, provided the annotated following:

Development of a Malaysian test checklist

The investigations duration started on 24th Sep and concluded on 13th November.

Creation of a Malaysian test list

An essential part of pinpointing censorship are determining which website to examine for preventing.

OONIa€™s software (known as OONI Probe) is designed to read URLs contained in specific lists (a€?test listsa€?) for censorship. Automagically, OONI Probe examines the a€?global test lista€?, which includes a wide range of worldwide related sites, many of which come in English. These website fall under 30 classes, including press, file sharing and heritage, to provocative or objectionable classes, like pornography, governmental criticism, and hate speech.

These groups help ensure that an array of different types of web sites is tested, as well as let the study of the influence of censorship events (assuming a lot of the websites seen to be blocked in a country fall under the a€?human rightsa€? group, that will have actually a bigger effect than other types of sites getting blocked in other places). The main reason why objectionable categories (instance a€?pornographya€? and a€?hate speecha€?) come for testing is because they are almost certainly going to become blocked because of their characteristics, making it possible for the development of heuristics for detecting censorship somewhere else within a country.

Along with evaluating the URLs part of the international examination record, OONI Probe is also made to study an examination listing and that’s specifically designed for the nation that the user try running OONI Probe from, if these an email list is present. Unlike the global examination number, country-specific examination records include web sites which can be appropriate and generally utilized within certain region, and this type of web pages in many cases are in local languages. Much like the global test number, country-specific examination listings incorporate internet sites that are categorized as the exact same pair of 30 classes, as described previously.

All examination listings become hosted by the resident Lab on GitHub, encouraging OONI and various other network dimension work inside development and upkeep of listings of URLs to try for censorship. Some criteria for incorporating URLs to evaluate databases are the next: